This paper analyzes the patterns of health biotechnology publications in six Latin American nations from 2001 to 2015.
The nations studied have been Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba and Mexico. Before our examine, there have been no information accessible on HBT improvement in half of the Latin-American nations we studied, i.e., Argentina, Colombia and Chile.
To embrace these nations in a scientometric analysis of HBT offers fuller protection of HBT improvement in Latin America. The scientometric examine used the Web of Science database to establish health biotechnology publications.
The whole quantity of health biotechnology production in the world in the course of the interval studied was about 400,000 papers.
A whole of 1.2% of these papers, have been authored by the six Latin American nations in this examine. The outcomes present a big progress in health biotechnology publications in Latin America regardless of some of the nations having social and political instability, fluctuations in their gross home expenditure in research and improvement or a commerce embargo that limits alternatives for scientific improvement.
The progress in the sphere of some of the Latin American nations studied was bigger than the expansion of most industrialized nations. Still, the visibility of the Latin American research (measured in the quantity of citations) didn’t attain the world common, with the exception of Colombia.
The primary producers of health biotechnology papers in Latin America have been universities, besides in Cuba have been governmental establishments have been essentially the most frequent producers.
The nations studied have been lively in worldwide research collaboration with Colombia being essentially the most lively (64% of papers co-authored internationally), whereas Brazil was the least lively (35% of papers). Still, the home collaboration was much more prevalent, with Chile being essentially the most lively in such collaboration (85% of papers co-authored domestically) and Argentina the least lively (49% of papers).
We conclude that the Latin American nations studied are rising their health biotechnology publishing. This technique may contribute to the event of improvements that will resolve native health issues in the area.
Toward biotechnology in area: High-throughput devices for in situ organic research past Earth.
Space biotechnology is a nascent discipline geared toward making use of instruments of trendy biology to advance our targets in area exploration.
These advances depend on our capacity to take advantage of in situ excessive throughput methods for amplification and sequencing DNA, and measuring ranges of RNA transcripts, proteins and metabolites in a cell.
These methods, collectively generally known as “omics” methods have already revolutionized terrestrial biology.
A quantity of on-going efforts are geared toward creating devices to hold out “omics” research in area, in specific on board the International Space Station and small satellites. For area purposes these devices require substantial and artistic reengineering that features automation, miniaturization and guaranteeing that the gadget is proof against situations in area and works independently of the course of the gravity vector.
Different paths taken to fulfill these necessities for various “omics” devices are the topics of this evaluation. The benefits and disadvantages of these devices and technological options and their degree of readiness for deployment in area are mentioned.
Considering that results of area environments on terrestrial organisms seem like world, it’s argued that top throughput devices are important to advance
(1) biomedical and physiological research to regulate and scale back space-related stressors on residing methods,
(2) utility of biology to life assist and in situ useful resource utilization,
(3) planetary safety, and
(4) primary research in regards to the limits on life in area. It can also be argued that finishing up measurements in situ offers appreciable benefits over the normal area biology paradigm that depends on post-flight information analysis.